Previously, John emphasized that love is evidence of living in the light but it is more than that. Love is grounded in the nature of God himself. With this in mind we can divide these verses into 4 sections:

1. The Source of Love (7-10)
2. The Duty of Love (11-16)
3. The Results of Love (17-20)
4. The Command of Love (4:21-5:4)